Development history of textile machinery

Humans originally used natural fibers as raw materials for spinning and weaving, earlier than the invention of the text (see World Textile History, Chinese Textile History). China used hand-spinning spinning in the Spring and Autumn Period and the Warring States Period. In the Song Dynasty, it has invented more than 30 spindles of hydraulic spinning. In 1769, the British R. Ark Wright (also translated by Richard Acklet) made a hydro-spinning machine. In 1779, the British S. Crompton (Samuel Crompton) invented the spinning machine. After being introduced to the United States, American J. Thorpe invented the ring spinning machine in 1828, which increased productivity by several times due to continuous spinning. The loom in the Warring States Period of China has used the principle of leverage to drive the heald frame to complete the opening action with the pedal link. In 1733, the British J. Kay (also translated by John Kay) invented the shuttle, hitting the shuttle to make it fly at a high speed, and the productivity of the loom was doubled. In 1785, the British E. Cartwright (also translated by Edmont Carterett) invented the power loom. In the same year, the UK built the world’s first steam-powered cotton mill, which was the textile industry from the handicraft industry to the big industry. A turning point in the production transition. The progress of human society and the increase of population have promoted the development of the textile industry and correspondingly promoted the improvement of textile machinery. Energy reform (replacement of manpower and animal power with steam power) laid the foundation for modern textile machinery.
The advent of man-made fibers at the end of the 19th century broadened the field of textile machinery and added a category of chemical fiber machinery. The demand for synthetic fibers has increased, and the expansion of synthetic fiber spinning equipment has been promoted (spinning screw diameters up to 200 mm, daily production of single spinning machines to 100 tons) and high speed (spinning speeds of 3,000 to 4,000 meters). / points) direction development. In the fastest growing countries in the world’s synthetic fiber industry, equipment is renewed in almost 5 to 6 years, and the number of machines has doubled in 10 years. In the past 20 years, the spinning and weaving equipment has made many local improvements to adapt to chemical fiber pure spinning or blending with natural fibers, such as expanding the range of suitable fiber length of the drafting mechanism and eliminating static electricity on the fiber. In the dyeing and finishing, high temperature and high pressure dyeing equipment, heat setting equipment, resin finishing equipment and loose finishing equipment have been developed.
Humans have been spinning and weaving in the traditional way for more than 6,000 years. The spinning and weaving machine designed to the present principles is still the main equipment of the world textile industry. However, since the 1950s, some new processes have been created, partially replacing traditional methods to produce textiles with much higher efficiency, such as rotor spinning, non-woven fabrics, and the like. The new process bred new textile equipment, and the new textile equipment matured and promoted, which further promoted the textile industry to move forward.

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